Axel Schneider

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Professor Axel Schneider got his master degree in Chinese Studies from the Universities of Erlangen (1982-85), National Taiwan Normal and National Taiwan Cheng-chi University (1985-87) and Bochum University (1987-89). In 1994, he got a PhD degree in Chinese History from Bochum University with his thesis: Truth and history: Two Chinese Historians in Search of a Modern Identity for China (Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz), 1997. Now he is a professor of Modern China Studies, Director of the Department of East Asian Studies and Director of the Centre for Modern East Asian Studies in Göttingen University.


Education and work experience

Professor Axel Schneider got his master degree in Chinese Studies from the Universities of Erlangen (1982-85), National Taiwan Normal and National Taiwan Cheng-chi University (1985-87) and Bochum University (1987-89). In 1994, he got a PhD degree in Chinese History from Bochum University with his thesis: Truth and history: Two Chinese Historians in Search of a Modern Identity for China (Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz), 1997. Now he is a professor of Modern China Studies, Director of the Department of East Asian Studies and Director of the Centre for Modern East Asian Studies in Göttingen University.

His other titles include:

Assistant at the chair for Modern Sinology of Institute for Chinese Studies of University of Heidelberg from 1989 to 1994

Assistant Professor at the chair for Modern Sinology of Institute for Chinese Studies of University of Heidelberg from 1994 to 2000

Professor for Modern China Studies of Sinological Institute of Leiden University from 2000 to 2009

Director of the Modern East Asia Research Centre of Leiden University from 2006 to 2009

Professor of Modern China Studies of Department of East Asian Studies of Göttingen University in Germany since 2009

Director of the Centre for Modern East Asian Studies of Göttingen University in Germany Since 2010

Visiting Fellow at the Fairbank Centre of Harvard University from 1997 to 1998

Guest professor at the History Department of National Cheng-chi University in Taipei from 2003 to 2004

Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the History Department of Beijing University from 2007 to 2008

Visiting Fellow at the International Consortium for Research in the Humanities in Erlangen in 2013

Guest Professor at the History Department of Sichuan University in Chengdu of China from 2013 to 2015

Selected publications

Articles

“Research on CCP history in the Federal Republic of Germany”, in CCP Research Newsletter 6 & 7 (Summer-Autumn 1990), 36-44.

“Archive und Archivbestände zur Geschichte Chinas im 20. Jahrhundert in der Republik China auf T'ai-wan”(Archives and Archival Holdings on 20th Century Chinese History in the Republic of China on Taiwan), in Bochumer Jahrbuch für Ostasienfor- schung (1994), 209-224.

Der Koreakrieg aus der Sicht T’ai-wans (The Korean War as seen from Taiwan), in Periplus 1995, Jahrbuch für außereuropäische Geschichte, 63-71.

“Die Verfassungsreform in der Republik China auf T’ai-wan, 1990-1995: Verlauf, Ergebnisse und beeinflussende Fakto-ren” (The Constitutional Reforms in the Republic of China on Taiwan, 1990-1995: Process, Results, and Influencing Factors), in Axel Schneider, Gunter Schubert (ed.), Taiwan an der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert – Probleme und Perspektiven eines asiatischen Schwellenlandes ) (Taiwan at the Doorstep to the 21st Century –Problems and Perspectives of an Asian NIC) (Hamburg: Institut für Asienkunde, 1996), 7-38.

 “Between Dao and History: Two Chinese Historians in Search of a Modern Identity for China”, in Chinese Historiography in Comparative Perspective, History and Theory, Theme Issue (October 1996), 54-73.

“Sind wir Chinesen oder Taiwanesen? – Taiwan im Konflikt konkurrierender nationaler und kultureller Identitäten”(Are we Chinese or Taiwanese? – Conflicting National and Cultural Identities in Taiwan) (together with Gunter Schubert), in Asien (January 1997), 46-67.

道史之間:為中國找尋現代認同的兩位中國史家, in Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Axel Schneider (ed.), 中國史學研 討會:從比較觀點出發 (Taibei: Daoxiang, 1999), 297-322; reprinted in 中國文化 17-18 (2001), 15-28.

 “Constitutional reforms in the ROC on T’ai-wan: Internal and external parameters of regime change”, in Harvard Studies on Taiwan: Papers of the Taiwan Studies Workshop Vol. 3 (2000), 171-202.

 “Reconciling history with the nation? – Historicity, national particularity, and the question of universals”, in Asian Nationalism in an Age of Globalization, Ed. Roy Starrs (Curzon, 2001), 223-233; reprinted in Historiography East and West vol.1 no. 1 (March 2003), 117-136. Chinese version: 調合歷史與民族? –  歷史性、民族個别性以及普遍性問題, in 真理與歷史:傅斯年、陳寅恪的史學思想與民族認同 (Beijing: Social Sciences Documentation Publishing House, 2008), 228-237.

 “Bridging the Gap: Attempts at Constructing a ‘New’ Historical-Cultural Identity in the PRC”, in East Asian History vol. 22 (December 2001), 129-144.

何種傳統? 往何處去? 保守主義的研究意味著甚麼?, in  學術思想評論 11 (2004), 83-93.

 “The One and the Many: A Classicist Reading of China's Tradition and its Role in the Modern World”, in  中國文學、歷史 與思想中的觀念變遷國際學術研討會論文集 (Taibei: Taiwan daxue wenxueyuan, 2005), 311-373.

世界歷史與歷史相對主義的問題 – 1919 年以后梁啟超的史學, in 真理與歷史:傅斯年、陳寅恪的史學思想與民族 認同 (Beijing: Social Sciences Documentation Publishing House, 2008), 238-259.

調合歷史與民族? –  歷史性、民族個别性以及普遍性問題, in 真理與歷史:傅斯年、陳寅恪的史學思想與民族認同 (Beijing: Social Sciences Documentation Publishing House, 2008), 228-237.

民族、歷史與倫理:中國史學后帝國時代的選擇, in 新史學 19:2 (Taibei, June 2008), 47-83.

傅斯年、陈寅恪与德国兰克学派之关系 (Fu Sinian, Chen Yinque and the Ranke School), in 鼎和五味, hrsg. von Insti- tute for Advanced Humanistic Studies, Fudan University (Peking: Zhonghua shuju), 2010, 165-194.

Chinese and Japanese historiography, in Oxford History of Historical Writing Vol. 4 (together with Stefan Tanaka) ed. by Daniel Woolf and Stuart MacIntyre (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), 491-519.

"Editors' Introduction" (together with Daniel Woolf), in Oxford History of Historical Writing, Vol. 5, ed. by Daniel Woolf und Axel Schneider (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), 1-12.

“Nation, History and Ethics: The choices of post-imperial Chinese Historiography”, in Transforming History: The Making of a Modern Academic Discipline in Twentieth-Century China, ed. by Brian Moloughney and Peter Zarrow (Hong Kong: Chinese Univer- sity Press, 2012), 271-302.

“Temporal hierarchies and moral leadership – China’s engagement with modern views of history”, in Chris Lorenz and Berber Bevernage (eds.), Breaking up Time. Settling the Borders between the Present, the Past and the Future (Göttingen: Vandenhoek, 2013),236-251.

“时间等级与道德优势 -- 现代历史观念在 20 世纪中国” (Temporal Hierarchies and moral Superiority -- Modern Views of History in 20th Century China), in Sun Jiang and Liu Jinhui (eds.), 亚洲概念史研究 Vol. 1 (2013), 159-174.

“Introduction” (together with Viren Murthy), in Viren Murthy, Axel Schneider (eds.), The Challenge of Linear Time: Nationhood and the Politics of History in East Asia (Brill, Leiden, 2014).

“Nation, History and Ethics: The Choices of Post-Imperial Chinese Historiography”, in Viren Murthy, Axel Schneider(eds.),The Challenge of Linear Time: Nationhood and the Politics of History in East Asia (Brill, Leiden, 2014), 83-112.

Translations

Zhang Longzhi (trs. by Axel Schneider), “An analysis of colonial modernity and research on Taiwan's modern history – Opin- ions on the history and methodology of native historiography”, in Broken Narratives. Post-Cold War History and Identity in Europe and East Asia, ed. by Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik (Leiden: Brill), 2014, 133-164.

Editor

Axel Schneider, Gunter Schubert (ed.), Taiwan an der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert – Probleme und Perspektiven eines asiatischen Schwel- lenlandes [Taiwan on the Doorstep to the 21st Century – Problems and Perspectives of an Asian NIC] (Hamburg, Institut für Asienkunde), 1996.

Axel Schneider, Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik (ed.), Chinese Historiography in Comparative Perspective, History and Theory, Theme Issue, October 1996.

Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Axel Schneider (eds.), 中國史學研討會:從比較觀點出發 (Conference on Chinese Historiography from a Comparative Perspective) (Taibei, Daoxiang), 1999.

Editor of Vol. 5 of the new Oxford History of Historical Writing together with Professor Daniel Woolf, University of Alberta, Canada (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011).

Editor of the Leiden Series in Comparative Historiography (http://www.brill.com/publications/leiden-series-comparative- historiography), together with Weigelin-Schwiedrzik, Susanne, Wien. Published so far:

     Vol. 1: Helwig Schmidt-Glintzer, Achim Mittag and Jörn Rüsen (eds.), Historical Truth, Historical Criticism, and Ideology. Chi- nese Historiography and Historical Culture from a Comparative Perspective (Brill, Leiden), 2005.

     Vol. 2: Tze-ki Hon und Robert J.Culp (eds.), The Politics of Historical Production in Late Qing and Republican China (Brill, Lei- den), 2007.

     Vol. 3: Howard Yuen Fung Choy, Remapping the Past: Fictions of History in Deng’s China, 1979-1997 (Brill, Leiden), 2008. 

     Vol. 4: Viren Murthy, The Political Philosophy of Zhang Taiyan: The Resistance of Consciousness (Brill, Leiden), 2011.

     Vol. 5: Marc Andre Matten (ed.), Places of Memory in Modern China: History, Politics, and Identity (Brill, Leiden), 2011.

     Vol. 6: Tze-ki Hon, Revolution as Restoration: Guocui xuebao and China's Path to Modernity, 1905-1911 (Brill, Leiden), 2013. 

     Vol. 7: Viren Murthy, Axel Schneider (eds.), The Challenge of Linear Time: Nationhood and the Politics of History in East Asia (Brill, Leiden), 2014.

     Vol. 8: Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik (ed.), Broken Narratives. Post-Cold War History and Identity in Europe and East Asia,(Leiden: Brill), 2014.


2006-2011 editor of the Routledge/Leiden Series in Modern East Asian Politics and History together with Rikki Kersten (Canberra)und Chris Goto-Jones (Leiden). Published:

      Vol. 1: The Left in the Shaping of Japanese Democracy. Essays in Honour of J.A.A. Stockwin, Edited by David Williams, Rikki Kersten (Routledge), 2006.

      Vol. 2: Christopher Goto-Jones, Political Philosophy in Japan. Nishida, the Kyoto School and co-prosperity (Routledge),2010.

      Vol. 3: The Politics of Culture Around the Work of Naoki Sakai, Edited by Richard Calichman, John Namjun Kim(Routledge), 2010.

      Vol. 4: Kiri Paramore, Ideology and Christianity in Japan(Routledge), 2010.

      Vol. 5: Re-Politicising the Kyoto School as Philosophy, Edited by Christopher Goto-Jones (Routledge), 2010.

      Vol. 6: Urs Matthias Zachmann, China and Japan in the Late Meiji Period. China Policy and the Japanese Discourse on National Identity, 1895-1904 (Routledge), 2011.

      Vol. 7: Chun-Yi Lee, Taiwanese Business or Chinese Security Asset. A changing pattern of interaction between Taiwanese businesses and Chinese governments (Routledge), 2011.


Editor of the Brill's Humanities in China Library (see http://www.brill.com/publications/brills-humanities-china-library), to- gether with Zhang Longxi, City University of Hong Kong. Published so far:

      Vol. 1: Hong Zicheng (transl. by Michael M. Day), A History of Contemporary Chinese Literature (Brill, Leiden), 2007. 

      Vol. 2: Chen Lai (transl. by Edmund Ryden), Tradition and Modernity: A Humanist View (Brill, Leiden), 2009.

      Vol. 3: Chen Pingyuan (transl. by Michel Hockx, together with Maria af Sandeberg, Uganda Sze Pui Kwan, Christopher Neil Payne, und Christopher Rosenmeier), Touches of History: An Entry into 'May Fourth' China (Brill, Leiden), 2011. 

      Vol. 4: Luo Yuming (transl. by Ye Yang), A Concise History of Chinese Literature (2 vols) (Brill, Leiden), 2011.

      Vol. 5: Rong Xinjiang (transl. by Imre Galambos), Eighteen Lectures on Dunhuang (Brill, Leiden), 2013.

      Vol. 6: Ge Zhaoguang (transl. by Michael S. Duke), An Intellectual History of China, Volume One (Brill, Leiden), 2014.

      Vol. 7: Luo Zhitian (transl. by Lane Harris and Mei Chun), Inheritance within Rupture. Culture and Scholarship in Early Twentieth Century China (Brill, Leiden), 2015.

Monographs

Wahrheit und Geschichte: Zwei chinesische Historiker auf der Suche nach einer modernen Identität für China [Truth and History: Two Chine- se Historians in Search of a Modern Identity for China] (Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz), 1997 (reviewed in China Review International Vol. 6, No. 2, Fall 1999, 522-526, in China Review International Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 2000, 216-221, and in Neue Politische Literatur,Jg. 46 (2001), 129). Chinese version: 真理與歷史:傅斯年、陳寅恪的史學思想與民族認同 (Beijing: Social Sciences
Documentation Publishing House), 2008.

Ongoing projects

Research monograph on modern Chinese conservatism, working title: History and Ethics – Conservative Reflections on Modernity.

The CeMIS-CEMEAS Transregional Research Network. Pilot Project A: The Politics of Secularism and the Emergence of New Religiosities.

International conferences

Organizer of a workshop on the Image of Women in Taiwanese Film, April 1993

Organizer of an international conference on Chinese Historiography in comparative perspektive (together with Frau Prof. Dr. Weigelin-Schwiedrzik; financed by DFG, CCKF, and Heidelberg University), March to April 1995

Organizer of a panel on Memory, continuity, and identity in 20th century China: three case-studies, AAS annual meeting, Boston, March 1999

Organizer of an international conference on Modern Chinese Historiography and Historical Thinking (Heidelberg, financed by the Asia Committee of the European Science Foundation (ESF), DFG and CCKF), May 2001

Organizer of a conference on Historical Consciousness and the Future of Modern China and Japan: Conservatism, Re- visionism, and National Identity (Leiden; financed by the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS), CNWS and LUF), May 2003

Organizer of a workshop on modern Chinese conservatism and Japanese revisionism, Boston, Harvard University, March 2005

Organizer of a panel on Re-conciling the Self to its History: Conservative and Revisionist Pasts in Modern China and Japan, AAS annual meeting, Chicago, March 2005

Organizer of a University of British Columbia-Leiden workshop on Revising Memories in Vancouver, April 2005

Organizer of a Workshop on Historical Revisionism: Theories, Concepts and Manifestations (Leiden; financed by IIAS, CNWS, LUF, and NWO), November 2005

Organizer of a conference on Is there a Dharma of History? (Leiden; financed by IIAS, CNWS, LUF, and the Dharma Drum Mountain Foundation, Taiwan), June 2006

Organizer of an international conference on The Writing of History in 20th Century East Asia: Between Linear Time and the Reproduction of National Consciousness (Leiden; financed by MEARC, CCKF, IIAS, CNWS, LUF, and NWO), June 2007

Organizer of an international conference on History, Identity, and the Future in East Asia: Interrogating History and Modernity in Japan and China in Shanghai together with Ge Zhaoguang, Fudan University; Takahiro Nakajima, Univer- sity of Tokyo, and Rikki Kersten, Australian National University, December 2009

Organizer of a workshop on The Indian Roots of Modern Chinese Thought in Göttingen together with John Makeham, Australia National University, July 2010 

Co-organizer of a conference in Göttingen on “Questioning Modernity: Critical Engagement with Western Knowledge in Late Imperial and Republican China”, together with the Institute for Modern History, Academia Sinica, November 2013  

Co-organizer of a workshop on “Buddhisms in Modern China: Between Resistance, Secularization and New Religiosities”, May 2014

Scholarships, grants

1990/91: PhD scholarship, DAAD.

1995: DFG-financed research project on „Between national sovereignty and Chinese reunification – Taiwan on its way to its own identity?“ (together with Dr. G. Schubert, Forschungsstätte der Evangelischen Studiengemeinschaft, Heidelberg)

2003-09: Principal researcher of the VICI research project financed by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research on Historical Consciousness and the Future of Modern China and Japan: Conservatism, Revisionism, and National Identity.

1997-99: DFG-financed research project on „History and structures of conservatism in China, 1900-1937”.

2002: Acquisition of funds from the LUF (Leiden) for a teaching module on Falungong and the question of democracy in China.

2002: Acquisition of funds from the LUF (Leiden) for an online-based module Studying East Asia in Leiden.

2002: Acquisition of funds from the NWO for the research project Historical Consciousness and the Future of Modern China and Japan: Conservatism, Revisionism, and National Identity.

5/2005: Acquisition of funds for establishing an externally funded Philips Professor in Modern Chinese Economy at the Chinese Department of Leiden University; since then coordinator of said Program.

1/2006: Acquisition of funds for establishing the Modern East Asia research Centre (MEARC) at Leiden University.

3/2007: Acquisition of support for MEARC's program for the study of Taiwan from the Ministry of Education, Taiwan.

6/2009: Internationalization Grant for the Project “The influence of Yogacara Buddhism on Modern Chinese Intellectual History” in cooperation with Australian National University.

6/2012: BMBF grant for The CeMIS-CEMEAS Transregional Research Network. Pilot Project A: The Politics of Secularism and the Emergence of New Religiosities.

7/2012: Acquisition of funds for expanding the Centre for Modern East Asian Studies at Göttingen University.

10/2012: Grant from the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, for strengthening the study of Taiwan at Göttingen University.

10/2013: Grants from the Chang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange and from the Deutsche For- schungsgemeinschaft for a Conference on “Questioning Modernity: Critical Engagement with Western Knowledge in Late Imperial and Republican China.”

5/2014: Grant from the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung for a conference on “Buddhisms in Modern China: Between Resistance, Secularization and New Religiosities.”

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